Critical evaluation of one or more theoretical frameworks or constructs studied in a module

Critical Evaluation
An essay offering a critical evaluation of one or more of the theoretical frameworks or constructs studied during the module.

Marking Criteria
3,000 words. Worth 60% of overall mark. The essay should provide a clear description of the chosen subject area, how this relates to the own research area and why this was selected. The evaluation should be critical and academically based. Reflection should be used to show understanding.

1.0 Introduction
A theoretical framework is comprised of the concepts and together with their definitions and reference to relevant scholarly literature, the existing theory that is used for a specific study. As noted by George et al. (2012), the theoretical framework must provide a demonstration of an understanding of the theories and concepts that are ideal to the topic of the research paper and that relating to the broader areas of knowledge under consideration. The current study focuses on evaluating the innovation challenges affecting successful implementation of UAE public sector. In this context, the key variables include the innovation challenges in the UAE public sector and the implications of the challenges towards a successful implementation of a digitised public sector in UAE. The selected subject area is in innovation in the public sector. As noted by Sørensen and Torfing (2012), the significance of this topic area could be attributed to the need of implementing appropriate management and leadership in the public sector which plays a significant role in enhancing a successful implementation of innovation. Also, Lee et al. (2012) argued that the personal leadership or commitments represent the critical individual success as a sufficient internal and external factor supporting innovation in different countries. In the evaluation of the subject area, this study will delve on evaluating the extent in which the management and leadership tend to diverge and are affected by existing human resources including facets of education and training schemes which target the public servants. The theoretical framework will sufficiently cover the issues of innovation and proper management and leadership practices. Hence, the selected subject area and personal research area would be evaluated critically and academically. Lastly, a reflection of the overall evaluation would be provided as an approach of demonstrating a clear understanding.
2.0 Selected Subject Area
2.1 Background
As aforementioned, the subject area of study is the UAE public sector. In particular, the field of study has been limited to the area of innovation since the public sector is broad in its scope and facets of operations. Essentially, scholars and practitioners have increasingly been interested in innovation in the public sector (De Vries et al., 2016; Choi & Chang, 2009). The majority have embraced to the idea that innovation can positively contribute to an improvement of the quality of public services and enhancement of the problem-solving capacity of the government organisation in dealing with distinct societal challenges (Hilgers & Ihl, 2010). In most instances, the public sector innovation is directly associated with the reform movements which include New Public Management (Diefenbach, 2009), electronic government (Helbig et al., 2009), and the alteration of government to governance (Cooray, 2009), and the most recent the conversation on the expanding scope of government in a ‘Big Society’ (Evans, 2011).
In the private sector, innovation can be described as an established area of study that has delved on explaining reasons and the process of innovation implementation (Bekkers et al., 2011). There has been extensive general literature reviews and systematic reviews that have been carried out for assessing the state-of-the-art in this area and generation of new avenues for construction of theory and research process (Bekkers et al., 2013). Additionally, there exist meta-analyses which include Bland et al. (2010) that have pulled together the results from the empirical research evaluating on the relationships between the organisational variables including limited resources and innovation. Nevertheless, it is not clear on the scope of innovation in the public sector. Majority of the literature reviews in the area of public innovation recently are based on conceptually instead of empirically (for instance, based on explicit data such as in case studies and surveys), grasping the meaning and relevance of public sector innovations (examples are Guan & Chen, 2010; Aschhoff & Sofka, 2009). Others have been focusing on addressing the challenges through the adoption of a normative approach (Osborne & Brown, 2011). this can be regarded as a critical shortcoming as systematic overviews of the empirical evidence which are all critical in summarising the already existing, evidence-based body of knowledge and the establishment of a future holistic agenda. Hence, linking the subject area to the individual research area, it will be possible to identify areas of substantial progress and to point out areas where the future studies could be directed efficiently.
2.2 Theoretical Framework of Public Sector Innovation Theory………………………………………………………………………………………………………….Please click the paypal icon below to receive this assessment report in full for only $20