Evidence-Based Population Health Improvement Plan prescription drug abuse epidemic in wv

develop a population health improvement plan, based on your evaluation of the best available demographic, environmental, and epidemiological data, that focuses on your diagnosis of a widespread population health issue. part of effectively engaging in evidence-based practice is the ability to synthesize raw health data with research studies and other relevant information in the literature. this will enable you to develop sound interventions, initiatives, and outcomes to address health concerns that you find in data during the course of your practice. show less in this assessment, you have an opportunity to evaluate community demographic, environmental, and epidemiological data to diagnose a widespread population health issue, which will be the focus of a health improvement plan that you develop. by successfully completing this assessment, you will demonstrate your proficiency in the following course competencies and assessment criteria: competency 2: apply evidence-based practice to design interventions to improve population health. evaluate community demographic, epidemiological, and environmental data to diagnose widespread population health issues. develop an ethical health improvement plan to address a population health issue within a community. competency 3: evaluate outcomes of evidence-based interventions. propose criteria for evaluating population health improvement plan outcomes. competency 4: evaluate the value and relative weight of available evidence upon which to make a clinical decision. justify the value and relevance of evidence used as the basis of a population health improvement plan. competency 5: synthesize evidence-based practice and academic research to communicate effective solutions. develop a strategy for communicating with colleagues and members of the community in an ethical, culturally sensitive, and inclusive way. integrate relevant and credible sources of evidence to support assertions, correctly formatting citations and references using apa style suggested resources the resources provided here are optional. you may use other resources of your choice to prepare for this assessment; however, you will need to ensure that they are appropriate, credible, and valid. the msn-fp6011 – evidence-based practice for patient-centered care and population health library guide can help direct your research, and the supplemental resources and research resources, both linked from the left navigation menu in your courseroom, provide additional resources to help support you. evidence-based practice cabassa, l. j., stefancic, a., o’hara, k., el-bassel, n., lewis-fernández, r., luchsinger, j. a., . . . palinkas, l. a. (2015). peer-led healthy lifestyle program in supportive housing: study protocol for a randomized controlled trial. trials, 16, 388–401. dombrowski, j. j., snelling, a. m., & kalicki, m. (2014). health promotion overview: evidence-based strategies for occupational health nursing practice. workplace health & safety, 62(8), 342–9, 350. evidence-based practice in nursing & health sciences. evidence-based practice in nursing & health sciences: review levels of evidence. the joint commission. (2016). health care leaders meet, address health care disparity. retrieved from www.jointcommission.org/health_care_leaders_meet_address_health_care_disparity_/ show less triple aim american hospital association. (2015). zeroing in on the triple aim [pdf]. retrieved from www.aha.org/content/15/brief-3aim.pdf berwick, d. m., nolan, t. w., & whittington, j. (2008). the triple aim: care, health, and cost. health affairs, 27(3), 759–769. institute for healthcare improvement. (2016). triple aim for populations. retrieved from http://www.ihi.org/topics/tripleaim/pages/default.aspx research guides database guide: ovid nursing full text plus. kaplan, l. (n.d.). framework for how to read and critique a research study. retrieved from http://www.nursingworld.org/research-toolkit/framework-for-how-to-read-and-critique-a-research-study nursing masters (msn) research guide. assessment instructions preparation your organization is undertaking a population health improvement initiative focused on one of the pervasive and chronic health concerns in the local community. examples of health improvement initiatives include nationwide concerns, such as type 2 diabetes, hiv, obesity, and zika. however, your organization has asked you to determine which widespread health concern should be addressed in a population health improvement plan for the community in which you practice and has entrusted you with gathering and evaluating the relevant data. requirements note: the requirements outlined below correspond to the grading criteria in the scoring guide, so be sure to address each point. in addition, you may want to review the performance level descriptions for each criterion to see how your work will be assessed. data evaluation evaluate community demographic, epidemiological, and environmental data. identify the relevant data. describe the major community health concerns suggested by the data. explain how environmental factors affect the health of community residents. health improvement plan develop an ethical health improvement plan that effectively addresses the population health concern that you identified in your evaluation of the relevant data. base your plan on the best available evidence from a minimum of 3–5 current scholarly or professional sources. apply correct apa formatting to all in-text citations and references. attach a reference list to your plan. ensure that your plan meets the cultural and environmental needs of your community and will likely lead to some improvement in the community’s health related to this concern. consider the environmental realities and challenges that exist in the community. address potential barriers or misunderstandings related to the various cultures prevalent in the community. justify the value and relevance of the evidence you used as the basis of your plan. explain why the evidence is valuable and relevant to the community health concern you are addressing. explain why each piece of evidence is appropriate and informs the goal of improving the health of the community. propose relevant and measurable criteria for evaluating the outcomes of your plan. explain why your proposed criteria are appropriate and useful measures of success. explain how you will communicate with colleagues and members of the community, in an ethical, culturally sensitive, and inclusive way, with regard to the development and implementation of your plan. develop a clear communications strategy mindful of the cultural and ethical expectations of colleagues and community members regarding data privacy. ensure that your strategy enables you to make complex medical terms and concepts understandable to members of the community, regardless of language, disabilities, or level of education.
Public Health and Evidence Based Practice
Executive summary
The problem of drug and substance and the increased rate of overdoses in USA calls for innovative approaches to mitigate drug misuse as well as address current substance use implications, especially in West Virginia. In order to address this health challenge, it requires a deeper understanding of demographic, environmental and epidemiological evidence of the affected area. In West Virginia, a majority of people affected includes rural and impoverished areas where there is inadequate access to health care and few trained health providers. Other concerns include the issue of enhancing trust between the drug abuse patients and medical professionals, as well as creation strong social and family networks. The current policies and prescription practices for substance use have been largely insufficient to check the expansion of drug distribution and use in West Virginia. Consequently, dug and substance related deaths have increased in the recent past. The most commonly abused drugs include opioid and Heroin. The illegal trafficking of controlled prescription drugs (CPDS) including Heroin fentanyl and methamphetamine pose the worst threats to West Virginia even though other drugs including Cocaine and Marijuana are still available. This research paper will examine the available literature on substance use in West Virginia and provides strategies and interventions to improve outcomes.
Substance use in West Virginia
The rate of Drug and Substance use has heightened rapidly in West Virginia in the recent past. According to Paulozzi, (2012), prescription medications, particularly opioids, are commonly used at a higher rate leading to a negative impact on the health of the affected individuals.On-medical prescriptions drug use Keyes et al. (2014), indicate that Substance and drug abuse is also prevalent across other Central Appalachia region in the USA including south West Virginia, Kentucky, Ohio, and North Carolina. However, recent reports reveal that West Virginia accounts for the largest number of drug overdoses USA with an average rate of 35.5 overdoses per 100,000 inhabitants compared to a national average of 14.8% per 100,000 individuals (Paulozzi, 2012). In 2015 alone, the country reported the highest rate of overdose deaths than any other accidental death in the region. The Centre for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) survey indicated that 725 people died of drug-related complications twice the number of people who died from car accidents (Hartman et al., 2016).
According to Paulozzi (2012), the illegal distribution of controlled prescription drugs (CPDs), heroin, fentanyl, and Mexican imported methamphetamine has been a leading drug concern in West Virginia and this, responsible for many intoxication and overdose deaths in the state. However, Opioid and fentanyl abuse is significantly rising and surpassing CPDs drug abuse in the region. The Methamphetamine drug is readily available penetrating into the market that was previously dominated by the locally made Methamphetamine. In addition, crack and cocaine existence in the market have quite decreased since 2010 while the Marijuana and New Psychoactive Substances markets remain intact (Rudd, 2016).The prohibition of retail stores on distributing unauthorized drugs help to reduce the availability of NPS, but the recurrent surfacing of stronger or more overwhelming strains often lead to projections ion emergency room admissions and overdoses.
The drug and substance use pattern in West Virginia are typical in Western Virginia to the region in that under-education, high rates of employment, and high rate if mining jobs related injuries are responsible for many substance use cases. Ot….Please click the Paypal icon below to purchase full solution for only $10