Formative Assessment 3 (40572/38) 7ELW


Executive summary

The assessment evaluates the significant features of employment laws and they protect employees and employers and businesses. Employees as subjected to rules and regulations as per their employment contracts. Employments acts benefits individuals and benefits which lead to high productivity .It is noted that employee face various challenges in work place .For example, employers creates hostile environment that employees finds it not comfortable to work. Employment laws therefore protect employees from such harassment. The impacts of employment laws varies over time across employment categories.



Table of Contents

1.0 Introduction. 2

2.0 Employment laws that protect pregnant women in workplace. 2

3.0 Health and Safety Acts that protect employees on accidents. 3

4.0 Benefits of health and safety measures to the business and employees. 4

5.0 Constructive dismissal in employment. 4

6.0 Conclusion. 5

References. 6



1.0 Introduction

In contemporary business environment, employment laws are essential in workplace .They regulate the relationships between employers and employees and govern what they expect from each other (CIPD,2018).In recent years ,it is noted that employment laws have positive and negative effects to businesses. Individuals are protected as well as businesses .This assessment focus on various acts in employments that protect and individual and organization for successful employments. However, many procedures are followed as outlined in every act for an individual to meet their need and claim. Therefore, every individual must have a good understanding before signing the contact.

2.0 Employment laws that protect pregnant women in workplace

According to research published by Equality and Human Rights Commission (EHRC), pregnant and new mothers are likely to face negative treatment at work (CIPD, 2020).Equality committee has taken an action to address these problems. Over thirty years, EHRC has provided guidelines to understand laws that protect a pregnant women at work. Government has also made sufficient proposals tent woman tackle pregnancy and maternity discrimination by ensuring that tougher actions are taken to ensure that pregnant women are fairly treated.

Tamara works in a company in a department of a warehouse. Her job involves lifting heavy items .For now, Tamara is pregnant and can’t allow her to do her daily activities such as lifting the items as usual. In addition, Tamara has got no qualifications to work in any other department. In my opinion ,with relevant reasons, the company should give Tamara work off until she deliver .In regards to law protecting pregnant employees(Pregnancy discrimination Act of 1978) and family and medical leave act , Tamara is entitled to get back to job when her leave is over. She must be offered the same job or equivalent one when she returns.

Whatsoever, it is not acceptable for an employer to reprimand an employees from taking Family Medical Leave due to pregnancy (Shinall, 2020).For example, if Tamara is allowed to take a leave, the company should not count her leave as unexcused absence under the attendance policy. Additionally, If Tamara is willing or is planning to take leave due to her pregnancy, she must give the company notice at least 30 days in advance. The company will give her some notices on FMLA and some forms to complete. THE COMPANY will be checking in with Tamara periodically about her intent to return to work.

In regard to CIPD, 2018 on benefits for women on pregnancy leave of maternity leave, every woman is entitled to Statutory Maternity Pay (SMP).They are entitled to be paid 90 per cent of their salaries  for the first 6 weeks of their leave, Therefore ,the company should pay Tamara Statutory Maternity Pay (SMP) until she resumes to her work.

3.0 Health and Safety Acts that protect employees on accidents

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